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Nine chapters of these Chronicles repeat genealogies.  This ninth chapter recaps the lineage, emphasizing the Levites and their priestly role again.  It opens by reminding us of the sad ending in the captivity as if it is an inevitable disaster, a bitter pill to swallow.  But like any good medicine it will bring a greatly needed healing in time.  (Unlike the pill above)

So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.  Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.  And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh;  Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah.  And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons.  And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.  And of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah,  And Ibneiah the son of Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and Meshullam the son of Shephathiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah;  And their brethren, according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty and six. All these men were chief of the fathers in the house of their fathers.  And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin,  And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God;  And Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer;  And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.  1 Chronicles 9:1-13

Kings and priests are named here, but the servants of God’s house are featured. 

And of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari;  And Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of Zichri, the son of Asaph;  And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.  And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief;  Who hitherto waited in the king’s gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.  And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of the LORD, were keepers of the entry.  And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the ruler over them in time past, and the LORD was with him.  And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.  All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by their genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office.  So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the LORD, namely, the house of the tabernacle, by wards.  In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.   1 Chronicles 9:14-24

God has chronicled the acts of the kings, but the priests are detailed at more length here.  We know what was going on in the “situation room” of the kings, and yet honor is still delivered to the keepers of the temple here.  They have assignments and make contributions in their own capacities.  God is aware of the service of his priests, who give balance against the human error of their secular world.

And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them.  For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God.  And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof every morning pertained to them.  And certain of them had the charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and out by tale.  Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.  And some of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices.  And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were made in the pans.  And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath.  And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.  These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.  1 Chronicles 9:25-34

Faith is a force that works alongside the acts of government and in the course of warfare in both realms.  There may be many names relegated to obscurity who are contributing to the course of human events.  At time citizens who seem good are slipping into acts that may destroy the generation that will follow them.  But God has provided many who serve unnoticed to prepare the way for his deliverance.  He records the good works that the world overlooks. 

And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife’s name was Maachah:  And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab.  And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, and Mikloth.  And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt with their brethren at Jerusalem, over against their brethren.  And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.  And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal: and Meribbaal begat Micah.  And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz.  And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza;  And Moza begat Binea; and Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son.  And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these were the sons of Azel.  1 Chronicles 9:35-44

We are back to Azel who ended the previous chapter.  The acts of the kings have influenced Israel, but others are also acting to deliver hope for the future.  The minor players all contribute, and the priesthood is an essential part of the formula of life.  This pill gives life instead of preventing it.



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The remaining sons and tribes of Israel are chronicled with their inheritance lands.  While thousands are represented, only the head of the household are named here.  God has an interest in his leaders.

Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimrom, four.  And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father’s house, to wit,  of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred.  And the sons of Uzzi; Izrahiah: and the sons of Izrahiah;  Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: all of them chief men.  And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons.  And their brethren among all the families of Issachar were valiant men of might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven thousand.  

The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, three.  And the sons of Bela; Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, and Jerimoth, and Iri, five; heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty and two thousand and thirty and four.  And the sons of Becher; Zemira, and Joash, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Omri, and Jerimoth, and Abiah, and Anathoth, and Alameth. All these are the sons of Becher.  And the number of them, after their genealogy by their generations, heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour, was twenty thousand and two hundred.  The sons also of Jediael; Bilhan: and the sons of Bilhan; Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar.  All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle.  Shuppim also, and Huppim, the children of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher.  1 Chronicles 7:1-12

The sons of Jacob are fathers themselves, building the nation during their years in Egypt and building the Promised Land.  They are the source of strength to make it all possible.

The sons of Naphtali; Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah.  The sons of Manasseh; Ashriel, whom she bare: (but his concubine the Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead:  And Machir took to wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister’s name was Maachah;) and the name of the second was Zelophehad: and Zelophehad had daughters.  And Maachah the wife of Machir bare a son, and she called his name Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rakem.  And the sons of Ulam; Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.  And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah.  And the sons of Shemidah were, Ahian, and Shechem, and Likhi, and Aniam. 

And the sons of Ephraim; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, and Tahath his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son,  And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath that were born in that land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle.  And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him.  And when he went in to his wife, she conceived, and bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house.  (And his daughter was Sherah, who built Bethhoron the nether, and the upper, and Uzzensherah.)  And Rephah was his son, also Resheph, and Telah his son, and Tahan his son.  Laadan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son.  Non his son, Jehoshuah his son.  1 Chronicles 7:13-27

Fathers and sons share the trials of war and peace.  Their lives are lived and recorded in the records of heaven.  They live and occupy their lands and fulfill their destinies. 

And their possessions and habitations were, Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof:  And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel.  The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister.  And the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel, who is the father of Birzavith.  And Heber begat Japhlet, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua their sister.  And the sons of Japhlet; Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath. These are the children of Japhlet.  And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram.  And the sons of his brother Helem; Zophah, and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal.  The sons of Zophah; Suah, and Harnepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Imrah,  Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera.  And the sons of Jether; Jephunneh, and Pispah, and Ara.  And the sons of Ulla; Arah, and Haniel, and Rezia.  All these were the children of Asher, heads of their father’s house, choice and mighty men of valour, chief of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them that were apt to the war and to battle was twenty and six thousand men. 1 Chronicles 7:28-40

From a strong house strong leaders come to lead their own families and generations. 

Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,  Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.  And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,  And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,  And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.  And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:  And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud.  And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.  And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,  And Jeuz, and Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons, heads of the fathers.  And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal.  The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:  Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:  And Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth,  And Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,  And Michael, and Ispah, and Joha, the sons of Beriah;  And Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,  Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab, the sons of Elpaal;  And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi,  And Elienai, and Zilthai, and Eliel,  And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;  And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel,  And Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan,  And Hananiah, and Elam, and Antothijah,  And Iphedeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak;  And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah,  And Jaresiah, and Eliah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham.  1 Chronicles 8:1-27

These great men and their families established the city of Jerusalem and made it a great city to the whole world and all generations to follow. 

These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.  And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon; whose wife’s name was Maachah:  And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,  And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher.  And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them.  And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.  And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal*; and Meribbaal begat Micah.  And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz.  And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,  And Moza begat Binea: Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:  And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel.  And the sons of Eshek his brother were, Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.  And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, archers, and had many sons, and sons’ sons, an hundred and fifty. All these are of the sons of Benjamin.  1 Chronicles 8:28-40

Meribbaal* is also known as Mephiboseth in other accounts.  He was cared for by David in the years after the house of Saul had fallen from rule.  The great leaders of Israel left their mark for better or worse.  Eventually they displayed the human weakness that led to the captivity.  Today we often see fathers and mothers who often follow the gods of the flesh to the decline of our nation.  When we look to leaders for deliverance we often find the warriors are asleep at their post.  The famous “Protestant work ethic” is vanishing.

To plant a generation of leaders we need to first establish a generation of fathers.  Josiah was not able to undo the damage of generations of backsliding, and it will take generations to repair the damage today.  Leadership is learned at home.

This is a true saying, if a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.  A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;  Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;  One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;  (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)  Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.  Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.  1 Timothy 3:1-7

Americans lust for pleasure is damaging our economy, and spreading crime to the nations around us.  Our warriors stoop to the crimes that shame us among our enemies and allies alike.  We curtail the human rights that protect our citizens to stop terrorism, only to become our own worst enemy.  Leadership will begin when we have fathers who assume the spiritual helm of their own households.


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Among the tribes of Israel the Levites had no land inheritance except as priests who shared among the inheritance of their brethren.  They were the famous priests and servants of the house of God. 

The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.  And the sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.  And the children of Amram; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam. The sons also of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.  Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua,  And Abishua begat Bukki, and Bukki begat Uzzi,  And Uzzi begat Zerahiah, and Zerahiah begat Meraioth,  Meraioth begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,  And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz,  And Ahimaaz begat Azariah, and Azariah begat Johanan,  And Johanan begat Azariah, (he it is that executed the priest’s office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem:)  1 Chronicles 6:1-10

So from Solomon’s temple to the captivity the Levites continued to serve in Jerusalem until the captivity in Babylon. 

And Azariah begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,  And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Shallum,  And Shallum begat Hilkiah, and Hilkiah begat Azariah,  And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,  And Jehozadak went into captivity, when the LORD carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the  hand of Nebuchadnezzar.  The sons of Levi; Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.  And these be the names of the sons of Gershom; Libni, and Shimei.  And the sons of Kohath were, Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.  The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. And these are the families of the Levites according to their fathers.  Of Gershom; Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,  Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeaterai his son.  The sons of Kohath; Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,  Elkanah his son, and Ebiasaph his son, and Assir his son,  Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.  And the sons of Elkanah; Amasai, and Ahimoth.  As for Elkanah: the sons of Elkanah; Zophai his son, and Nahath his son,  Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.  And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn Vashni, and Abiah.  The sons of Merari; Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzza his son,  Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, Asaiah his son.  1 Chronicles 6:11-30

So these families served the kings and the people, interceding in the work exclusive to their family responsibility. 

And these are they whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had rest.  And they ministered before the dwelling place of the tabernacle of the congregation with singing, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem: and then they waited on their office according to their order.  And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,  The son of Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah,  The son of Zuph, the son of Elkanah, the son of Mahath, the son of Amasai,  The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,  The son of Tahath, the son of Assir, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah,  The son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, the son of Israel.  And his brother Asaph, who stood on his right hand, even Asaph the son of Berachiah, the son of Shimea,  The son of Michael, the son of Baaseiah, the son of Malchiah,  The son of Ethni, the son of Zerah, the son of Adaiah,  The son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei,  The son of Jahath, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi.  And their brethren the sons of Merari stood on the left hand: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch,  The son of Hashabiah, the son of Amaziah, the son of Hilkiah,  The son of Amzi, the son of Bani, the son of Shamer,  The son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi.  Their brethren also the Levites were appointed unto all manner of service of the tabernacle of the house of God.  1 Chronicles 6:31-48

The exclusive services of offerings and atonement went to the sons of Levi.  They inherited cities among the lands of their brethren.

But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all the work of the place most holy, and to make an atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.  And these are the sons of Aaron; Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,  Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son,  Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son,  Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.  Now these are their dwelling places throughout their castles in their coasts, of the sons of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites: for theirs was the lot.  And they gave them Hebron in the land of Judah, and the suburbs thereof round about it.  But the fields of the city, and the villages thereof, they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh.  And to the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of Judah, namely, Hebron, the city of refuge, and Libnah suburbs,   And Hilen with her suburbs, Debir with her suburbs,  And Ashan with her suburbs, and Bethshemesh with her suburbs:    1 Chronicles 6:49-59

More provisions of other tribes were given to the priests.

And out of the tribe of Benjamin; Geba with her suburbs, and Alemeth with her suburbs, and Anathoth  with her suburbs. All their cities throughout their families were thirteen cities.  And unto the sons of Kohath, which were left of the family of that tribe, were cities given out of the half tribe,  namely, out of the half tribe of Manasseh, by lot, ten cities.  And to the sons of Gershom throughout their families out of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.  Unto the sons of Merari were given by lot, throughout their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.  And the children of Israel gave to the Levites these cities with their suburbs.  And they gave by lot out of the tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon, and out of the tribe of the children of Benjamin, these cities, which are called by their names.  And the residue of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their coasts out of the tribe of Ephraim.  And they gave unto them, of the cities of refuge, Shechem in mount Ephraim with her suburbs; they gave also Gezer with her suburbs,  And Jokmeam with her suburbs, and Bethhoron with her suburbs,  And Aijalon with her suburbs, and Gathrimmon with her suburbs:  And out of the half tribe of Manasseh; Aner with her suburbs, and Bileam with her suburbs, for the family of the remnant of the sons of Kohath.  Unto the sons of Gershom were given out of the family of the half tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, and Ashtaroth with her suburbs:   And out of the tribe of Issachar; Kedesh with her suburbs, Daberath with her suburbs,  And Ramoth with her suburbs, and Anem with her suburbs:  And out of the tribe of Asher; Mashal with her suburbs, and Abdon with her suburbs.  1 Chronicles 6:60-74

Each tribe set aside a portion for their priests.  Today the worship is not centered on Jerusalem, so more than ever our shepherds need provisions for their lives among their flocks around the world.

And Hukok with her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs:  And out of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs.  Unto the rest of the children of Merari were given out of the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmon with her suburbs, Tabor with her suburbs:  And on the other side Jordan by Jericho, on the east side of Jordan, were given them out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer in the wilderness with her suburbs, and Jahzah with her suburbs,   Kedemoth also with her suburbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs:  And out of the tribe of Gad; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, and Mahanaim with her suburbs,  And Heshbon with her suburbs, and Jazer with her suburbs.  1 Chronicles 6:75-81

The early church assigned “deacons” from the Greek as servants.  These are not by inheritance, but by assignment.  Today we need those who will provide services, and we should provide for their needs as well.

Similarly a “Bishop” is over the collected churches as a denomination head or overseer.  The local pastors or shepherds can look for support from the church on government from such organization.  While we still have families clearly linked to Levi by family names, the church has moved across boundaries and cultures to include the gentiles.  We hope that God brings us servants who are called by him to serve the body. 

A more important consideration is for the body to remember to make a provision for their servants.  We will be reminded to provide for them even as the Law required provision for the Levites and sons of Aaron.  Since we will be reading the prophets before we go on to the New Testament, this warning is awaiting us.

Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.  Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.  Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.  And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.  Malachi 3:8-11


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More family histories.  Yesterday I worked, slept and dreamed.  I dreamed about breakfast with my family.  I had a slice of toast, warm and buttered.  My late wife is gone now, but the taste of that toast was here with me again this morning when I awakened.  My wife is with the Lord, but he lets her visit in my dreams.  Butter is gone from my diet, but she is not.  The testimony of a Christian woman is forever. 

We are the bride of Christ, and we can serve others as a good wife does.  The men and women of Israel are the bride who will be remembered by her husband while we are separated.  Let your testimony join these of Israel as the bride our Messiah can dream of.  We may be reunited this year in Jerusalem!

Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.  For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s:)  The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.  The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,  Micah his son, Reaia his son, Baal his son,  Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.  And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,  And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon:  And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.   1 Chronicles 5:1-9

Birthright and sibling rivalry.  Do you remember the noise of children fighting in the house?  Treasure the memory of all that strife and noise; it will go away soon enough.  The tribe of Judah gave us the Lion of Judah, so that birthright claim is undisputed now.  Children and grandchildren will witness the passing of time, but Messiah is the same forever. 

And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.  And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salcah:  Joel the chief, and Shapham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan.  And their brethren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven.  These are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz;  Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of the house of their fathers.  And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.  All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.  1 Chronicles 5:10-17

Wars and rumors of wars persist today.  Even as US troops are leaving Iraq and Afghanistan, they are quietly being repositioned in Jordan, adjacent to Israel against the threats from Syria, Iran, and Pakistan.

The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.  And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.  And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.  And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.  For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.  1 Chronicles 5:18-22

May our own people remember God in their endeavors.  We can choose to be of the kingdom of God, even if we are not the nation of Israel.  When our political leaders are going the wrong way we can still be guided to our own survival.  After the fall of Judah, Daniel was able to be successful even as a prisoner of war.  Now we see Israel in later generations yielding to the Assyrians.

And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.  And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.  And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.  And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.  1 Chronicles 5:23-26

We will visit the families and tribes that lived in Judah next.  Some were priests, some warriors.  Some were employed in secular jobs, but still stood out as men of God.  The chronicles of your life will reflect how you use the opportunities to reflect the Messiah who is the path to life.  A slice of toast may be the key to guide your loved ones to eternal life. 

For whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.  Mark 9:4


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Kings took us on a historical overview of Israel’s golden era.  The Chronicles take us quickly back to Genesis to remind us of the path and the Patriarchs of Israel.  Now we see the familiar names of the kings again.  The good, the bad, and the ugly are all here among the names.  We will see where each tribe was going and how they ended in the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities.  We will become more aware of individual contributions. 

Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:  The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:  The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife.  These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.  And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel:  Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,  And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,  And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.  These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.  And Solomon’s son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,   Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,  Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,  Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,  Amon his son, Josiah his son.  And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.  And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.  And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,  Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.  And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and  Shelomith their sister:  And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.  And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.  And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.  And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.  And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.  1 Chronicles 3:1-24

David and his sons set the tone and the course of Israel for many generations.  If I am not getting lost here, we seem to jump back into generations preceding David now.  These genealogies are repeated in Matthew, and some of these men are mentioned again in later Chronicles.

The sons of Judah; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal.  And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath; and Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites.  And these were of the father of Etam; Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi:  And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.  And Ashur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.  And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah.  And the sons of Helah were, Zereth, and Jezoar, and Ethnan.  And Coz begat Anub, and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel the son of Harum.  1 Chronicles 4:1-8

Now we see mention of a faithful man’s prayer and rewards.  It is the subject of a book about his prayer that may be hard to validate.  How can we build a book on one prayer, let alone a whole prosperity doctrine?  Take hope in the encouragement but also consider many other examples in scripture for your overall direction. 

And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren: and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow.  And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.  And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir, which was the father of Eshton.  And Eshton begat Bethrapha, and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash. These are the men of Rechah.  And the sons of Kenaz; Othniel, and Seraiah: and the sons of Othniel; Hathath.  And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen.  And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh; Iru, Elah, and Naam: and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz.  And the sons of Jehaleleel; Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel.  1 Chronicles 4:9-16

Now we see a few who are known for their products and workmanship.

And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.  And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.  And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.  And the sons of Shimon were, Amnon, and Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon. And the sons of Ishi were, Zoheth, and Benzoheth.  The sons of Shelah the son of Judah were, Er the father of Lecah, and Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea,  And Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubilehem. And these are ancient things.  These were the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.  1 Chronicles 4:17-23

Here I wonder if this Shimei is the same who dishonored David during Absalom’s rebellion?  And is this Jehu the furious rider of God’s vengeance?

The sons of Simeon were, Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul:  Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son.  And the sons of Mishma; Hamuel his son, Zacchur his son, Shimei his son.  And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters: but his brethren had not many children, neither did all their family multiply, like to the children of Judah.  And they dwelt at Beersheba, and Moladah, and Hazarshual,  And at Bilhah, and at Ezem, and at Tolad,  And at Bethuel, and at Hormah, and at Ziklag,  And at Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusim, and at Bethbirei, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.  And their villages were, Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities:  And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal. These were their habitations, and their genealogy.  And Meshobab, and Jamlech, and Joshah, the son of Amaziah,  And Joel, and Jehu the son of Josibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel,  And Elioenai, and Jaakobah, and Jeshohaiah, and Asaiah, and Adiel, and Jesimiel, and Benaiah,  And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;  1 Chronicles 4:24-37

So these many lived and died through the years of Israel’s growth and decline.  They were witnesses and participants in the trials of the Law.  They were challenged by the original SAT test; the Supreme Attitude Test of the Law.  Are we prepared to pass our own entrance exams?  The eternal life is the prize, the real life.  This one is just the test.

These mentioned by their names were princes in their families: and the house of their fathers increased greatly.  And they went to the entrance of Gedor, even unto the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks.  And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelt there of old.  And these written by name came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that were found there, and destroyed them utterly unto this day, and dwelt in their rooms: because there was pasture there for their flocks.  And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men, went to mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi.  And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this day.  1 Chronicles 4:38-43

So another series of family trees are outlined among the Chronicles of Israel.  There will be more to follow with many details of their lives along the path to the great kings.  


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Chronicles will take us through the same story we just read.  Why would we want to go through that train wreck again?  Like the New Testament, we see another account of events from a different witness.  We can change the channel and hear a different viewpoint of the same events. 

Israel went into Egypt to learn greatness, and they were taken to Babylon to learn humility.  Many good things happened during the captivity, including the writing of scriptures, and testimony of overcoming in hard times.  As Joseph was promoted in Egypt, so was Daniel in Babylon. 

The kings were often privileged to have power, wealth, and good looks.  That means they had more temptation and often fell.  The Chronicles will introduce more of the common players and the faithful few who were close to God during the good and bad times.  Your lives are being recorded too, so let’s see a few of the opportunities that our role models offer us.  We may be inspired by the Minor Prophets and bit players.  God honors us too.   We may have something to offer that the world can’t get from televangelists or politicians. 


It’s good to learn from history, because it is ongoing today.  Israel returned from the Babylonian captivity, and also from the Roman Diaspora.  They rebuilt the temple then, and it will be rebuilt again.  Ultimately, The Lord IS the temple in heaven though.

Let’s look at the ancient story again.  This is the geneology that leads to Israel:

Adam, Sheth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.  The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.  And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.  And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.  The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.  And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth.  And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,  And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.  And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn, and Heth,  The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,  And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,  And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.  The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.  And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.  And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother’s name was Joktan.  And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,  Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah, And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,  And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.  Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,  Eber, Peleg, Reu,  Serug, Nahor, Terah,  Abram; the same is Abraham.  1 Chronicles 1:1-27

This takes us back to Adam, and now we meet Abraham’s family tree.

The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael.  These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael,  Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,  Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,  Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.  Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan.  And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons of Keturah.  34And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau and Israel (Jacob).  The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.  The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.  The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.  And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and Dishan.  And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna was Lotan’s sister.  The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. and the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.  The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.  The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and Aran. 

Edom is the home of descendants of Esau:

Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.  And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.  And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.  And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.  And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.  And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.  And when Shaul was dead, Baalhanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.   And when Baalhanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.  Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth,  Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,

Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,  Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom. 1 Chronicles 1:28-54

Abraham’s son Jacob (Israel) is also listed:

These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,  Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.  The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.  And Tamar his daughter in law bore him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.  The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.  And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.  And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.  And the sons of Ethan; Azariah.  The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.  And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;  And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,  And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,  And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,  Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth,  Ozem the sixth, David the seventh:  Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.  1 Chronicles 2:1-16

We arrived at David rather quickly, and we go on:

And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.  And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.  And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.  And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.  And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.  And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.  And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.  And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah, then Abiah Hezron’s wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.  And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.  Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.  And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.  And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab and Abishur.  And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid.  And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.  1 Chronicles 2:17-30

Does this all seem like a rather brief mention?  The scriptures attempt to make room for this many names, but can’t give an account of each.  Still, they are acknowledged in scripture for all time.  Be sure that God observes the details of your life and all is recorded.  We may become aware of all of these when we see God. 

31And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.  And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children.  And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel.  Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha.  And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.  And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,  And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed,  And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,  And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,  And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum,  And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama.  Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.  And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema.  And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai.  And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.  And Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.  And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Gesham, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph.  Maachah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.  She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsa.  These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim.  Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader.  And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.  And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites,  The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.  And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.  1 Chronicles 2:31-55

If you can’t have your whole life in scriptures, isn’t it good to have your name in the book of life?  We have an opportunity to give to others and to have a place in the chronicles of the 21st century.


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The Book of Kings is about the kingdom.  The Kingdom of God is a New Testament concept, but God opened that kingdom to the patriarchs by sending Yeshua to them after their death.  Those who accept Yeshua as Messiah are the Kingdom of God, not the nation of Israel or Judaism.  God will bring Israel to Messiah later according to Zechariah.  But this is not about the United States either.  The Kingdom of God crosses every political border.  This alarm is being sounded for those who accept Yeshua, Jesus; Christians.  Religion will be on trial…do we love in spirit and truth? 

And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about.  And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.  And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.  And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by the king’s garden: (now the Chaldees were against the city round about:) and the king went the way toward the plain.  And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho: and all his army were scattered from him.  2 Kings 25:1-5

Resistance is futile, and Israel is being assimilated by the irresistible army of Babylon.  New fortifications against the walls of Jerusalem will prevail.  Fires through the night illuminate the ongoing construction and war preparations.  The city is cut off from food, commerce, and industry.  Without God, fear rules the minds of the soldiers.  Their leaders show their example of cowardice, and are taken in their sin. 

So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him.  And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon.  And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:  And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man’s house burnt he with fire.  And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.  2 Kings 25:6-10

Zedekiah had already seen Israel suffer a military defeat at the hands of the Babylonians.  Being weakened by that defeat did he have any excuse to expect a different outcome?  Hitler at least had a couple of decades for Germany to recover from their first world war.   Without God Zedekiah had no military reason to expect a victory over the massive power of Babylon.  He was spiritually blind from the beginning.  He at least didn’t have to witness the fires of the destruction of Jerusalem.

Now the rest of the people that were left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away.  But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.  And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon.  And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.  And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away.  The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight.  The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass: and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work.  2 Kings 25:11-17

Under King Josiah the temple was repaired and re-furnished.  The gold and brass was replaced, but the hearts of the people would turn as soon as Josiah was gone.  Does the modern church rebuild the form of religion while neglecting the cleansing of the heart?  We at least have daily access to repentance through prayer, bible study, and Christian fellowship.  We should have personal communion with the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.  Our leaders can be good examples, but they cannot perform that relationship for us.  Leaders who are not good examples will face the greater judgment though.

While Babylon has taken the lifeless items of the temple, they also took the living children of faith.  Amid the fire of destruction there also linger some fires of hope.  That secret weapon is alive in children named Hananiah, Azariah, and Michael.  Their friend Daniel will witness their faith and discover a promise of scripture that was planted hundreds of years earlier.  Mordecai and Esther too will play a role in bringing the hope of Israel to life.  False leaders and priests will not see those promises delivered though.

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:  And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king’s presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:  And Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took these, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah:  And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.  2 Kings 25:18-21

Shepherds who do not feed their flocks will be harshly judged.  God called the king of Babylon to be his instrument to re-educate Israel.  Judah will send it’s children to Babylon to learn about false Gods.  The remnant gained an appointed king; a figurehead ruler. 

And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.  And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.  And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you.  But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.  And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees.  2 Kings 25:22-26

Gedaliah tried to get the people to submit to the Babylonians peacefully, and not rebel.  But these people rejected and killed this king in their rebellion.  So now they had to flee to Egypt after killing Nebuchadnezzar’s appointee.  It went better for their old king, who was imprisoned in Babylon. 

And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;  And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon;  And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life.   And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.  2 Kings 25:27-30

Judah will complete a time predicted by the prophets.  The conquerors came from Babylon, the Persians will conquer Babylon, and Cyrus will rebuild the nation.  They were warned and comforted long before they went down.  God’s word is complete and will guide us also today.

Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,  Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.  Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.  And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.  And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.  Jeremiah 25:8-12

Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;  That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;  That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:  That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:  That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.  Isaiah 44:24-28

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