Israel under David prospered in battle against the occupants of the Canaan land.  God promised them a place which they were given time to fully occupy.  David set about moving the occupants and challengers out. 

 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.  And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.  And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.  And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.  And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.  1 Chronicles 18:1-5

 The Phillistines were dispatched, but their name was preferred by the Romans later to define the area as Palestine.  Their descendants remain where Israel should not have allowed them to stay.  God gave them a chance and David did his part.  The Syrians try to help his enemies only to fall in the battle.  Israel claimed the spoils of battle that would  become a snare to a later king.

 Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought gifts.  Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.  And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.  Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.  Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;  He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to enquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.  Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.  1 Chronicles 18:6-11

 God gave victory and prosperity to David over the nations that worshipped false gods around them.  Israel continued to gain victories in the area.  Modern Arabs acknowledge Ishmael as their father after Abraham.  So Isaac is their brother.  My Lebanese friend asked why God would disown Ishmael the firstborn of Abraham.  Actually he promised to make a great nation of him, and he has.  But he chose Isaac to father the chosen race after his son Jacob.  Both Isaac and Ishmael would father nations but one is chosen to demonstrate the law for us.  Don’t be jealous Ishmael; the story is not finished yet.  Other nations in the area were at war with Israel too.

 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.  And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David’s servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.  So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.  And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.  And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;  And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.  1 Chronicles 18:12-17

 As leader of God’s chosen people, David got to be the boss of the nations around them.  His leadership team and his sons had honor in their service.  David executed justice by good judgment.  Modern nations struggle with this, and Israel demonstrates typical troubles among their own people today.  They could use a David today.

Thousands in Jerusalem protest racism against Ethiopian Israelis

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 Immigration Ministry withheld information about murders in Israel’s Ethiopian community

Ministry commissions study to understand circumstances leading to murders in the Ethiopian immigrant community in order to prevent them.


Ishmael; God’s chosen people are human, and some all of them sin.  Don’t rush to be the chosen son until you see what it will cost.  Isaac’s oldest son Essau had the same problem you had because he too was not chosen by God.  Jacob was a rascal but God decided to turn him in the right direction to become a new man as Israel.  God can do that…He’s the boss.  Now his son David will have many enemies to deal with. 

Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.  And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him.  But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?  Wherefore Hanun took David’s servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.  Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.  1 Chronicles 19:1-5

OK now David tried to offer kindness and was falsely accused of working for Satan…again.  Do you remember what the Holy Spirit thinks when he is working a kindness through one of his servants?  Ammon has since become modern Jordan, but it had another name in early Christian times.  The name was from the Greek word for…brotherly love.

In the 13th century BC Amman was called Rabbath Ammon or Rabat Amon by the Ammonites. In the Hebrew Bible, it is referred to as Rabbat ʿAmmon (Tiberian Hebrew Rabbaṯ ʿAmmôn). It was later conquered by the Assyrians, followed by the Persians, and then the Macedonians. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Macedonian ruler of Egypt, renamed it Philadelphia. The city became part of the Nabataean kingdom until 106 AD when Philadelphia came under Roman control and joined the Decapolis.[citation needed]

Philadelphia became the seat of a bishopric during the beginning of the Byzantine era. One of the churches of this period can be seen on the city’s Citadel. Philadelphia was renamed Amman during the Ghassanian era, and flourished under the Caliphates


So the city that would become known for brotherly love is showing a little different kind of love to David here.  Soon they noticed that they had screwed up.  Instead of an apology they prepared to use the Cain and Abel kind of brotherly love.  They hired some hit men.

And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah.  So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.  And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.  And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.  Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.  And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.  1 Chronicles 19:6-11 

David prepared two leaders to deal with the two enemy armies.  He is not going to be brother Abel, because he is able…to overcome.  The enemy tried to raise Cain but they couldn’t raise a big enough army. 

And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee.  Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight.  So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him.  And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.  And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.  1 Chronicles 19:12-16   

The Syrians had been whipped earlier, and let it happen again.  This goes on endlessly through history with the Syrians against Israel.  Do I need to replay the modern history of Israel to confirm that?  They won’t be back soon in David’s time anyway. 

And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him.  But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.  And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.  1 Chronicles 19:17-19 

Now we who trust the Jewish Messiah, who founded that Christian church in Philadelphia know something about the future of the Ammonites.  We know that some Jews have and will come to their Messiah.  We know that these ancient Christians came to the same hope.  We also know that some will survive in the same city in the end times.  They have a special promise.  Yeshua (Jesus) wrote a letter to them:

And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;  I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.  Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.  Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.  Revelation 3:7-10 

 He that is holy…only Yeshua reached that goal, so he opens your hope.  The city that believes in Yeshua has an open door.  But some Jews will be forced to worship at the feet of some believers in Jordan because you know the love of Yeshua, the Messiah of Israel.  These Ammonites kept faith so they will be kept from the temptation of the world in the end times. 

So, Ishmael, are you really ready to kill Isaac to inherit the place of a few Jews who are confused about their role in life?  They are chosen because God did the choosing, not because they are good.  They were chosen to prove that no one (including you) can be good by their own efforts.  We need help from God.  Be sure that God will save you both…when you become Philadelphia.

Which Philadelphia?  If it is hard to find a true religion, how hard is it to find truth in Wikipedia? 

Alaşehir, in Antiquity and the Middle Ages known as Philadelphia  “city of brotherly love” is a town and district of Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Turkey.


Well, the hope of Christ is for all nationalities, and the Kingdom of God has no borders.  So residents of Philladelphia in Jordan, Turkey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and anywhere else in the world have the same opportunity.  Love is spiritual, not geographic or racial.